Tropical grain production burgeoned in the late 1990s when tropics was considered as a crop friendly region particularly soybean. However, presently farmers in central Brazil are maintaining fruitful farm businesses because of a contemporary tropical system of production known as safrinha, or succession farming which produces two crops, soybean and maize.
Agricultural economists at the University of Illinois wanted some light to be thrown on the productivity of grain production in this tropical area. In a recent study published these economists surveyed input and output components for numerous large scale farms situated in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil.
Peter Goldsmith, a professor in the Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics at U of I and lead author of the study said that Mato Grosso where the research is being conducted is the largest geographical state producing soybean in the world. They transcend Illinois or Iowa as a state and the results are similar to US. However, it was considered exceedingly impossible to grow soybean in the tropics 20 years ago.
Goldsmith says that authentically, the tropics expounded as round about 20 degrees north latitude and 20 degrees south latitude is one of the most destitute parts of the world with the shortest agricultural productivity and some of the gravest prevalence of malnutrition. The contemplation is that bread basket was not falling under those regions and they would forever be food-importing regions. The possibility of the tropics as crop growing region was not realized.