New communication model in plant cells found as they have a role in peculiar and an astonishing relationship with animal neurons. Various plant cells comprise of proteins approximately mirroring glutamate receptors which assist to transmit nerve signals from one neuron to another. Overall the plants are devoid of a nervous system, former studies have displayed that plants require these glutamate receptor-like proteins (GLRs) to carry out vital functions like such as mate, grow, and defend themselves against diseases and pests.
A research headed by University of Maryland researchers depicts a contemporary model for how GLRs operate in plant cells. Working with Arabidopsis thaliana pollen cells, the researchers discovered that GLRs encompass the foundation of an intricate communication network within discrete plant cells. Their discoveries also propose that GLRs depend on another category of proteins called “cornichon” proteins to commute GLRs to varied locations and superintend GLR activity entailing each cell.
“Cornichon” proteins assist GLRs to behave as valves that painstakingly superintend the congregation of calcium ions, an important feature of many cell communication routes, within numerous structures entailed in the cell. Researchers from the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência in Portugal and the Universidad Nacional de Autónoma de México co-authored the study.
José Feijó, a professor of cell biology and molecular genetics at UMD and the senior author of the study said that the most vital framework within each cell is calcium concentration. It is so meticulous that it permits cell to encode information. To put it plainly cell communication would be disarrayed without calcium.