Nutrients provided to Corn variety by bacteria possibly diminishing requirement for fertilizers. Is it really feasible to grow cereal crops without being dependent on energy needing commercial fertilizers?
Researchers recount a lately discerned corn variety that receives nitrogen, a necessary nutrient for plants, by providing its sugars to favorable bacteria which consequently take in nitrogen from the air and give it back to the plant in a productive form.
The variation of corn was primarily noticed in 1980s by Howard-Yana Shapiro, now Chief Agricultural Officer at Mars, assimilated in a nitrogen deficient meadow near Oaxaca, Mexico. With the advent of metagenomics in the mid-2000s, Mars, Incorporated and the University of California, Davis, collaborated with the confined to native section to probe the corn.
The study recounts the peculiar corn variation which acquires 29 to 82 percent of its nitrogen from the air and not from the fertilizers. The plant creates sugary ‘goo’ that discharges from aerial roots that develop from above the ground which entices bacteria that can alter nitrogen from the air into a structure that the plant can utilize. If this attribute could be procreated into regular variation of corn, it may minimize the requirement for appended fertilizer and expanding corn production in areas with low quality soils.
Beans and alternative legumes have entrenched favorable associations with the body of bacteria that offer them with Nitrogen but corn and alternative cereal crops authentically have dearth of these relationships.